How to Build a Computer


How to build a computer

How to Build a Computer

If you’re looking to build your own computer – you’ve come to the right place! An assembled PC is a great way to save up on money and get the parts that you want to install instead of going for the components that a manufacturer forces you to buy. Another great thing about building a PC by yourself is that you actually learn a lot about the different components of the computer. If you are a total newbie to the whole PC assembling world and have no idea about what components to buy, here is a low end configuration that should last your needs for quite some time.

Processor Intel Core i3 – 2100 3.1 GHz
Motherboard Intel DH67VR
Memory Corsair 4 GB DDR3 1333 MHz
Hard Disk Seagate 1 TB 2800
Optical Drive Samsung DVD Writer
Graphics Card Galaxy GTS450 1GB DDR3
Power Supply Coolermaster GX 450W
Cabinet Coolermaster Elite 341

You will also need a pair of screwdrivers to help you set up your PC. Also, remember to touch a grounded metal object before assembling to prevent damage to the components like the motherboard and RAM.

Setting up the Power Supply and Motherboard

It is a matter of personal preference on which one you want to install first, the motherboard or the power supply; my personal preference is the power supply. Open the sides of the cabinet by removing the screw fixed behind the cabinet. Fit the SMPS (power supply) into the cabinet and screw it tight to prevent it from wobbling later on.

Next is the motherboard, first fix the I/O panel shield that comes with the motherboard into the cabinet.

I/O panel shield

After the shield is fixed into the panel, insert your motherboard into the cabinet and take a note of all the places where the screw holes on the motherboard meet with the screw holes on the cabinet. The spacers/stand (hexagonal looking screws like the one on the image below) offs that come with the motherboard or the CPU needs to be placed at the different spaces where the screw holes meet in order for the motherboard to be firmly attached to the cabinet and also at times to prevent shock to users. The screws should be tight enough to prevent movement, this is very crucial for the components like the processor and graphics card.

Processor and Fan installation

Different processors come in different sizes, shapes and configuration. This is the reason why different motherboards work only with certain processors. Inserting the processor into the socket on the motherboard requires a lot of attention since the pins on the processors need to fit the socket on the exact spot so be careful while doing this, it could ruin processor and motherboard completely.

The processor comes with a grayish dry coating called heat paste on it, be careful not to scrape it off as it prevents the processor from overheating.

Finally, fix the CPU fan that came along with the processor on top of the processor and screw or clip it accordingly. AMD fans are easier to attach as they use a simple clip that can be simply pressed to release or lock the fan.

Connect the 4 pin power socket from the CPU fan to the motherboard; the slot for the socket is located usually at the top of the motherboard near the RAM slots.

RAM, Graphics Card and Other Parts

After the processor is fitted, fitting other parts of the PC into the motherboard becomes much simpler. The RAM slot is located near the motherboard while the PCI-Express slot for the graphics card is colored blue to differentiate it from the other PCI ports.

PCI-Express x16

RAM Slot

Finally, you can fix the other components like the hard drive and DVD writer into the cabinet and screw them from both sides of the cabinet. Hard drives and optical drives nowadays come with SATA interfaces which are faster than their ATA counterparts.

SATA Ports

Power Sockets and Other Connections

The 24-pin connector is the largest socket and must be connected to the motherboard along with another 4-pin connector like the one for the CPU fan. Other power sockets like the ones for the hard drive and the graphic cards can be inserted now as the PC assembly is almost near completion.

24-Pin Connector

You will need to consult the motherboard manual in order to be able to fix the other sockets like the power on, LED and the front panel USB ports since different motherboard manufacturer’s use different coding system for the sockets.

Once all the sockets are fixed into the appropriate slots, you are ready to install your favorite Operating System on the PC. You might face some small hiccups like a beeping sound but do not get scared as these are normal and are a way for the computer to tell you what is wrong with it. You can consult the manual for the different beep codes that you might hear, but most of the time, the fault will be either due to loose cabling or you probably connected the wrong wires from the front panel and power buttons. Good luck in building your first PC.

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